As the world’s population is growing, putting more pressure on the natural resources to feed the ever growing population, the agriculture industry is also developing new techniques to grow food in lesser space and by saving water. The hydroponic growing system is a step towards this.
What is Hydroponic Farming?
Hydroponic System is a system of growing crops without soil, often called soilless farming. In the hydroponic system, the plant roots grow in a liquid nutrient solution or inside the moist inert materials like Rockwool and Vermiculite. The liquid nutrient solution is a mixture of essential plant nutrients in the water.
The plant roots are suspended either in the static liquid solution or in a continuously flowing nutrient mixture. The hydroponic growing system requires continuous attention to the crops, unlike the traditional farming system.
Types of Hydroponic Farming:
There are 6 basic types of hydroponic systems; Wick, Water Culture, Ebb and Flow (Flood & Drain), Drip (recovery or non-recovery), N.F.T. (Nutrient Film Technique) and Aeroponic. There are hundreds of variations on these basic types of systems, but all hydroponic methods are a variation (or combination) of these six.
Advantages of Hydroponic Farming:
• Requires no soil
• Enables for the reuse of water
• Provides greater control of nutrients to prevent over nourished crops
• Enables ease of harvesting
• Enables ease of pest management and food safety controls
• Increases food production stability, providing higher yields
• Provides off-season production when market prices are highest
Hydroponic Farming in India:
Sustainable farming solutions in countries with arid climates such as India have caused an increased interest in hydroponic farms. Furthermore, because of its economic feasibility and ability to serve as a possible solution to India’s dwindling availability of fertile soil or clean and surplus water, this practice of agriculture resolves many of the issues that challenge year-round growing. Combined with drought conditions and the looming challenges of global warming, Indian agriculturalists are fighting a drastic reduction in the availability of locally grown food for India’s large population.
Why is Hydroponics a lucrative option to be deployed in India?
• India has rich climatic conditions positioning it favorably for market hydroponic produce.
• Labor costs are favorable with intelligent human capital.
• An abundant growth market already exists due to India’s large population.
• In depth knowledge of crop cycles, food safety and pest management, and hydroponic methodologies exists.
Hydroponics at Sharu’s Organic Farm:
When we took the plunge into this business, our soul aim was to make the best use of the resources we already have at hand and not extract the soul of the soil of our farms with the need to produce more. By talking to various experts in the field and through primary research, we realised that Hydroponic Farming is one of the best sustainable farming technique that we could implement.
That thought made us work hard to set up a Hydroponic Farm which is right now Hesarghatta’s largest Hydroponic Farm. Through our work, we would like to make sustainable farming methods mainstream. That’s our way of giving back to the nature. And we hope that you will join us in our mission too.