CategoriesFarming Practices

Why Hydroponic Farming?

As the world’s population is growing, putting more pressure on the natural resources to feed the ever growing population, the agriculture industry is also developing new techniques to grow food in lesser space and by saving water. The hydroponic growing system is a step towards this.

What is Hydroponic Farming?
Hydroponic System is a system of growing crops without soil, often called soilless farming. In the hydroponic system, the plant roots grow in a liquid nutrient solution or inside the moist inert materials like Rockwool and Vermiculite. The liquid nutrient solution is a mixture of essential plant nutrients in the water.

The plant roots are suspended either in the static liquid solution or in a continuously flowing nutrient mixture. The hydroponic growing system requires continuous attention to the crops, unlike the traditional farming system.

Types of Hydroponic Farming:
There are 6 basic types of hydroponic systems; Wick, Water Culture, Ebb and Flow (Flood & Drain), Drip (recovery or non-recovery), N.F.T. (Nutrient Film Technique) and Aeroponic. There are hundreds of variations on these basic types of systems, but all hydroponic methods are a variation (or combination) of these six.

Advantages of Hydroponic Farming:
• Requires no soil
• Enables for the reuse of water
• Provides greater control of nutrients to prevent over nourished crops
• Enables ease of harvesting
• Enables ease of pest management and food safety controls
• Increases food production stability, providing higher yields
• Provides off-season production when market prices are highest

Hydroponic Farming in India:
Sustainable farming solutions in countries with arid climates such as India have caused an increased interest in hydroponic farms. Furthermore, because of its economic feasibility and ability to serve as a possible solution to India’s dwindling availability of fertile soil or clean and surplus water, this practice of agriculture resolves many of the issues that challenge year-round growing. Combined with drought conditions and the looming challenges of global warming, Indian agriculturalists are fighting a drastic reduction in the availability of locally grown food for India’s large population.

Why is Hydroponics a lucrative option to be deployed in India?
• India has rich climatic conditions positioning it favorably for market hydroponic produce.
• Labor costs are favorable with intelligent human capital.
• An abundant growth market already exists due to India’s large population.
• In depth knowledge of crop cycles, food safety and pest management, and hydroponic methodologies exists.

Hydroponics at Sharu’s Organic Farm:
When we took the plunge into this business, our soul aim was to make the best use of the resources we already have at hand and not extract the soul of the soil of our farms with the need to produce more. By talking to various experts in the field and through primary research, we realised that Hydroponic Farming is one of the best sustainable farming technique that we could implement.

That thought made us work hard to set up a Hydroponic Farm which is right now Hesarghatta’s largest Hydroponic Farm. Through our work, we would like to make sustainable farming methods mainstream. That’s our way of giving back to the nature. And we hope that you will join us in our mission too.

CategoriesFarming Practices

Organic farming and its importance in today’s age

When India was dying of hunger

India had experienced one of its worse famines in the 40s. India then, still being under the British rule, and with the WW-2 happening during that time meant that India had to send supplies for the troops. Which left close to nothing for the Indian citizens back home that led to millions of deaths due to hunger.

Even after winning Independence in 1947, India was still dependent on imports to feed its own citizens. The government of India post-independence wanted to make India self-dependent in terms of food-grain production.

The Green Revolution

In 1960s M.S. Swaminathan spearheaded the Green Revolution to overcome the food shortage. The green revolution thereby was intended to overcome food shortages in India by increasing the yields of agricultural produce with the help of better irrigation systems, pesticides, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, etc. Though the Green Revolution helped India reach surplus crop, on the longer run it started to affect the soil. With the soil already filled with chemicals, it not only affected the fertileness of the soil, but also started seeping into the water table having adverse effect on the populace.

With the population that’s been growing at rapid pace, agriculture sector came under more pressure to catch up to the rising need of food. With more use of fertilizers and chemicals to increase the produce, the soil is only deteriorating further.

That’s where the need of sustainable, profitable (without affecting the soil) and nature friendly techniques arose. Organic farming is one of the answers to that need. Organic farming is a method of crop and livestock production that involves much more than choosing not to use pesticides, fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, antibiotics and growth hormones. Organic production is a holistic system designed to optimize the productivity and fitness of diverse communities within the agro-ecosystem, including soil organisms, plants, livestock and people. The principal goal of organic production is to develop enterprises that are sustainable and harmonious with the environment. The term organic farming can apply to the following categories of products:

  • Unprocessed products: vegetables, cereals, fruits, cotton, flowers, animals, eggs or milk;
  • Processed products for human consumption: cheese, bread or instantaneous meals;
  • Food for animals like organic soy cakes;
  • Materials for vegetative reproduction and seeds.

Some of the most popular organic farm management practices are- crop rotation, organic nutrient management, growing cover crops, preventive crop protection measures, relying on natural predators as a biological pest protection measure, weeding, anaerobic soil disinfestation, proper space between the crops, mechanical soil cultivation, recycling materials, relying on renewable resources.

In India, organic agriculture is being increasingly adopted by farmers. India is the frontrunner when it comes to embracing organic farming. It ranks 1st in the number of organic farmers and 9th in terms of area under organic farming. Though India is home to 30 percent of the total organic producers in the world but accounts for just 2.59 percent (1.5 million hectares) of the total organic cultivation area of 57.8 million hectares, according to the World of Organic Agriculture 2018 report.

The idea of starting Sharu’s Organic Farm was based on the idea of serving the communities but with fresh fruits, vegetables, and greens that are grown responsibly. Our aim is to promote healthy consumption in the communities but without putting pressure on the already wilting eco-system. A small contribution in our way to say thank you to nature for providing us food on our plates.